THE YATAGHAN

 Note:- click on image for larger version of images

 

 

In 1840 the French produced a bayonet whose style was to affect bayonet design across the world for the next 50 years. The 1840 model had a distinctive recurved blade, based on the North African Yataghan swords. Why the shape was chosen is open to conjecture, the shape gave a longer reach with the long blade and the curve ensured that the blade was out of the bullet trajectory, of course it may just have been a styling exercise. There is a theory that the choice of blade was the best compromise for a blade between thrusting and slashing; In some areas the Yataghan bade replaced the infantry sword and the socket bayonet so this theory may hold, however in other armies the ordinary trooper in the field was never issued a sword, this being a status symbol for the "gentlemen" officers so the theory has a few gaps.

The 1840 had a brass cross guard and hilt with a steel scabbard, within 2 years this had been changed to a steel crossguard as the brass was found not to give the required strength and resilience. The 1842 model had a steel cross guard and a modified blade, a further modification to this was made in 1859 to give the 42/59, this had an internal spring instead of the external leaf spring, by this time the blade style had migrated to other countries with the USA in 1842, UK starting in 1853 with their first Yataghans. Over the next 60+ years virtually every country made a Yataghan styled blade, the last being made at the beginning of the 20th Century in South America

I hope in this page to provide a guide to the Yataghan style blade the users and the various users of the style,, and provide information on the variations and the countries who have used them. Where possible I have used examples from my collection to illustrate the information, others have been illustrated by other collectors allowing me to use examples from their collections (and duly noted with thanks)

 

Country

 

 

ARGENTINA

FRANCE

SPAIN

AUSTRALIA

GERMANY

SWEDEN

AUSTRIA

HOLLAND

SWITZERLAND

BELGIUM

ITALY

TURKEY

BRAZIL

JAPAN

UK

CHINA

KOREA

URUGUAY

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

MEXICO

US

DENMARK

NORWAY

VATICAN

EGYPT

PORTUGAL

VENEZUALA

 

country

date

details

length

blade

mrd

Argentina

1871

Brass hilted with hooked cross guard, similar to the 1866 for Comblain rifle

no illustration

695

572

18

Argentina

1871

Short

Shortened version of the Comblain bayonet

695

572

18

<<<Circle A mark on crossguard for Argentine use<<<Alex Coppel of Germany manufacture mark <<Chamfered slot

Australia

 

Dixon hilted Yataghan for a Martini rifle. Leather grips with three rivet fixing and external leaf spring, and straight crossguard, very similar to UK 1856

no illustration

711

 

19

Austria

1867

Werndl, Leather grips held by 3 rivets. Muzzle ring has a rounded finial on top. There is a small curved quillion.

707

576

18.5

<<<OEWG makers mark on frog stud 

Austria

1870

Werndl, a lighter version of the 1867 called the "leichtere gattung". The 1867 being retroactively called the "schwere gattung". Bayonet does not have the finial on the muzzle ring. Bayonet now has an internal coil spring

no illustration

701

572

18.2

Austria

1873

Werndl, shortened blade compared to 67 and 70, muzzle ring top has gained an adjustment screw

600

463

18.6

  

Three rivet grips, adjustable muzzle ring

OE/WG marking of Styer

Frog stud marked by maker as well

 

 

Austria

1855

Similar to the 1873 but with wooden grips, and twin rivets on the cross guard. bayonet is for the 1855 Mannlicher

no illustration

600

463

17.5

Austria

1867 short

Shortened to the same length as the 1873, this is how most Werndl bayonets are found

600

465

18.9

     

Close up of right hilt, showing the sight on the top of the muzzle ring and 5 rivet grips with external spring. Ricasso has GF stamp on it. Unit marks on crossguard

Close up of left hilt Maker C&J over W mark on Ricasso

 

 

 

Austria

1867 short

Variations with wooden grips secured by 2,3and 4 brass rivets can be found

no illustration

 

 

 

Austria

1870 short

like the 1867, most 1870 bayonets are to be found shortened to the same length as the 1873

austrian 1867.jpg (69995 bytes)

600

465

18.9

austrian 1867 large press stud.jpg (77266 bytes)austrian 1867 hilt and scabbard marks.jpg (135230 bytes)   

Huge press stud on this model

OE/WG marking on scabbard and cross guard markings 

Austria

 

1867 Werndl with a bushed ring to fit the German 1871 an 1888 rifles during WWI. Bushing extends back from the muzzle ring by approximate the same distance as the muzzle ring

no illustration

707

576

17

Austria1885Trials bayonet uses the 1867 style blade with wooden grips. muzzle ring is 17.5mm 60046517.5

Austria

 

Fruworth bayonet for an unknown rifle. Grips are leather held on by 4 rivets. Muzzle ring has a finial "sight" on it, cross guard has a small kick  back on it

no illustration

710

464

17

Belgium

1850

An experimental socket bayonet for a percussion carbine ahs a Yataghan blade on the socket

no illustration

540

501

23

Belgium

1866

Carbine a Tige bayonet there are two versions, one has a round ball type pommel with circular horn grips

no illustration

572

438

 

Belgium

1866

and the other has a more normal beaked pommel and horn grips with a circular design

no illustration

622

495

 

Belgium

1868

Terssen, very similar to the 1866 Chassepot but with a screw holding the leaf spring

no illustration

698

584

17.7

Belgium

 

An experimental brass hilted bayonet with an unusual pommel ring that operates the leaf spring. Has a  swept back quillion

no illustration

698

578

21.5

Brazil

1872

Artillery, scaled down Belgian Terssen similar to the 1866 cadet bayonets

no illustration

 

 

 

Brazil

1880

Comblain Belgian Terssen with internal spring in brass hilt

no illustration

 

 

 

Brazil

1880

Comblain Belgian Terssen with external spring in brass hilt

no illustration

 

 

 

Brazil

1904

Produced for the Brazilian Police, bayonet has wooden grips with riveted grips. This is probably the last Yataghan made

no illustration

 

 

 

China

 

Copy of the French 1866 Chassepot, with the shaved pommel seen on German WWI conversions of the 1866 for the 1871 rifle These are faked up items, although why they copied these is strange, unless there are real ones out there that have been used as a basis

no illustration

 

 

 

Shaved pommel is reminiscent of those made in Germany during WWI to fit captured 1866's onto 1871 riflesFullers extend fully under cross guardLeaf spring is very thinBlade is thinner that the French 1866, and muzzle ring adjuster is rather crudeBrass grips have different but similar hilt grooves
  
Comparison of Chinese (right) and French bladesSide view of differences between Chinese and French bladesFrog stud is German style but very flimsey  

China

 

brass hilt straight cross guard for the Remington rolling block rifle has the feathered scales on the hilt

no illustration

634

521

18

Czechoslovakia

 

Werndl Bayonet full length 1867

no illustration

710

579

18.8

Czechoslovakia

 

Werndl Bayonet short 1867/73

no illustration

605

474

18.8

Czechoslovakia

 

Werndl Bayonet 1870

no illustration

709

578

18.7

Czechoslovakia

 

Werndl Bayonet short 1870/73

no illustration

 

504

18.8

Czechoslovakia

 

Werndl 1873

no illustration

600

470

19

Denmark

1861

Rifle association bayonet possibly for the Georg Christensen rifle. Has leather grips with 3 rivets, external spring. Cross guard has forward finial on the muzzle ring and a reverse one on the other end of the straight cross guard

no illustration

650

530

19

Denmark

1865

For the liege made Enfield style rifle for the rifle association. Cross guard ahs forward finial on the muzzle ring and another on the end of a slightly reverse curved crossguard. Leather grips with 3 rivets

no illustration

645

520

 

Denmark

1867

First model has an external spring, leather grips held by 3 rivets. Crossguard has forward curved crossguard similar to the 1866. Pommel has a marked beak

no illustration

679

532

18

Denmark

1867

the second model has an internal coil spring with 5 rivets holding on the grips. Otherwise it is identical to the first model

no illustration

679

532

18

Egypt

1867

Remington, made by the USA, essentially similar to the 1866 chassepot without the mortise slot chamfer of the Chassepot. Many similar blades were produced for other countries and not all are Egyptian issue, for example the French took a large number during the Franco Prussian war

egyptian 1867-70 remington.jpg (74718 bytes)

Possibly an Egyptian 1867

 

 

 

egyptian 1867-70 remington chassepot hilt comparison.jpg (100271 bytes)   
 Comparison of Chassepot (lower) and Remington slots   

Egypt

1870

Remington , as the 1867 but with Egyptian markings

no illustration

 

 

 

 
Egyptian Markings on ricasso, pommel and crossguard Un-chamfered slot and B mark in mortis slot 

Egypt

1914

using the Remington hilt and a new cross guard the 1867/70's were converted to mount on to .303 Martini Henry rifles by fitting a new cross guard without any quillion. These can be found in two versions with thick and thin cross guards

no illustration

 

 

 

Egypt

1914

Another 1867 conversion to fit the Martini Henry rifle, this one retains the swept forward quillion of the original bayonet

no illustration

 

 

 

Egypt

1876/80

Originally identified as a conversion, these are new made bayonets for use on the Snyder conversion of the two band Enfield rifle. Has a straight cross guard, and the brass grip grooves appear to be hand ground and go totally around the hilt.

no illustration

 

 

 

Egypt

A hand made bayonet for the Snider rifle with slab sided brass grips.  Found with two different muzzle rings and with both forward and reward facing Quillions, blade is a Yataghan style.

This is the smaller muzzle ring variation with a diameter of 19.8mm.  Grips are two brass grips riveted to a steel cross guard. Examples can be found with PDL made blades

These bayonets are often quoted as Confederate Slab side bayonet but are from a period after the end of the American Civil war.

no illustration

19.8

Egypt

This is the large muzzle ring variation with a diameter of  22.5mm. There are no marks on this bayonet. Grips are two brass grips riveted to a steel cross guard.

22.5

This one has only a C mark on the ricasso

France

1840 Carbine

The grand daddy of the yataghan family of blades. Has a brass hilt and crossguard, with reversed curved cross guard with finials on either end

no illustration

628

514

24

France

1840 Rampart

As the 1840 carbine but with a larger muzzle ring for the heavier rampart guns

no illustration

 

 

 

France

1842

In 1842 the Yataghan grew by 55mm and was fitted with a steel cross guard and a modified blade style but similar to the 1840. Comes in 2 models

685

563

21.4

 
Typical ricasso marksLeaf spring fittingSteel cross guardHeavy steel scabbard2nd model >>>>

France

1842/59

Essentially the 42 modified to use an internal coil spring rather than the external spring of the 42

France M1866 .jpg (50096 bytes)

685

563

21.3

France

1866

The Chassepot bayonet, probably the most common and well known of the Yataghan bayonets. A brass hilt with an external leaf spring.  Has a large forward curved quillion. Made by several countries for use by the French, including Germany, the UK, Belgium and Holland. French blades are marked on the spine with the Arsenal that made it and the month and year of manufacture, cross-guards and scabbard are marked with matching serial numbers,

France M1866 with rough scabbard.jpg (50852 bytes)

694

571

22.6

France M1866 with rough scabbard.jpg (50852 bytes)

 
Belgian made 1866 with French serial number on cross guard, ricasso mark is Crown over CB or CH Reeves Birmingham UK made 1866. Makers mark may also be found on the ricassoBelgian makers mark on an 1866 Chassepot bayonet,

France

1866

The 1866 may be found with a straight cross guard, with only a small forward swept quillion

no illustration

694

571

22.6

France

1866?

The Yataghans blade made be found with a double muzzle ring, either as Defense nationale bayonets, or as civilian hunting blades for boar hunting.

694

571

various

 

 
Brass cross guard with double muzzle ring for rifle, as the bore is very small for a shotgunUn-chamfered Remington style slotBlade is marked with date, but no arsenal marks

France

1866

A reduced size 1866 used for cadet rifles, it is essentially a scaled down 1866

no illustration

 

 

 

France

1866

The school of Vincennes cadet used a 1866 with a different horn gripped hilt and without the forward swept quillion

no illustration

699

578

18.4

France

1870During the Franco Prussian war a large number of "Defense Nationale" bayonets were made to fulfil the need for a large number of blades to arm the troops against the Prussian invasion, many of these used Yataghan blades, or blades from old swords. Most used the Chassepot style brass hilt    
Defense Nationale 1866 ordered from the UK maker William Millward, investigation has shown that they arrived to  late to take part in the Franco Prussian war, and were unpacked after the war. Most are found without any French Markings other than a serial number on the pommel end (not seen on this example). This is not a common maker

France

1870A 1868 Funcke blade, rehilted with a Remington unchamfered slot during the siege of Paris during the Franco Prussian war.>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>>France Remington rehilt of Funcke blade.jpg (62090 bytes)   

France

1870

  

 

 

 

A 1866 Chassepot style bayonet with a brass plug filling the location that the bottom rivet would have taken, is a late FP war version which were made without the rivet to make production easier. More normal is to find just a small indent in the hilt which would be the location of the bottom rivet in a normally produced blade.

 Brass plug doesn't  penetrate the hilt

Germany

1859

Wurttemberg Jager, bayonet. Has a straight cross guard with a large finial on the muzzle ring, external leaf spring and a beaked dome shaped pommel

no illustration

600

479

19.7

Germany

1869

Werder, brass hilted with external spring, muzzle ring has a screw adjustor. The cross guard has a forward swept quillion without an ending finial

no illustration

596

469

17.3

Germany

1895

An experimental mauser bayonet with an all steel knurled hilt. The pommel is hollow and is covered with a cap that pivots on a screw allowing access to the pommel. Has a short round quillion

no illustration

511

387

 

Germany

 

A conversion of the 1869 Werder with a shaved pommel to fit the 71, the 71/84 and 88 rifles, this is the only modification

590

467

17

Shaved pommel to fit later 1871 rifleScabbard is leather with brass fittingsMakers mark of W&ST  in an arc of SolingenUnit marks on cross guard

Germany

 

1869 Werder with the crossguard moved up 8mm to allow the blade to fit the 1871 rifle.

no illustration

596

469

17

Germany

 

French 1866 fitted with a new hilt more reminiscent of the normal German wooden griped hilt

no illustration

708

575

 

Germany

 

French 1866 fitted with new German style frog stud for issue to rear echelon troops in WW1

german issue 1866 chassepot.jpg (79920 bytes)

 

 

 

german issue 1866 chassepot scabbard mod.jpg (117079 bytes)    
Modified frog stud to fit German equipment    

Germany

 

French 1866 modified to fit the 1871 rifle by shaving the rear of the pommel to adjust the height of the muzzle ring when fitted to the rifle. Versions can be found with fully shaved hilt and, 1 or 2 steps

no illustration

 

 

 

Germany

 

French 1866 fitted with an ersatz style hilt

no illustration

692

571

 

Italy

1868

Similar to the 1866 the bayonet was used by the Papal guards. Blades and scabbards are stamped with a small A the acceptance mark of the papal arsenal. Blades were made in Liege for Nagant produced Remington's and by A&A Schnitzler in Germany (A&AS) for Westley Richards produced Remington rifles (the blades are not interchangeable.

no illustration

700

575

17.5

Italy

1862

Similar to the UK1856 Enfield

no illustration  18

Italy

1850

Similar to the 1842 with a straight cross guard and a small reversed quillion, has a leather scabbard with metal mounts

According to my Italian Bayonet book (which i can't read) this is a  Bersaglieri volunteer unit adapted  bayonet. The year on the ricasso is the made date not the model date. Only 6000 of these blades were made, scabbard is a leather with brass fittings

70257023
 

Italy

unidentified

Similar to the 1862 model. Can be found with a square "socket" on the crossguard parallel to the hilt. Bayonet is known as the marine model

no illustration715580 

Italy

 

Brescia/Torino manufactured blade again with unchamphered slot and with shorter oval shaped fullers than the other 1866 look alike.

no illustration

694

568

17.5

Japan

 

The Japanese used the French 1866, these are marked with Japanese characters in the fuller

no illustration

699

578

21.5

Japan

 

The Japanese used the UK 1856, these are marked with Japanese characters on the cross guard

no illustration

 

 

 

Japan

 

The Japanese produced their own version of the UK 1856 for use by themselves. Blades are well marked and have a reshaped point to give a Katana style to the blade.

no illustration

 

 

 

Korea

1842

German manufactured French 1842 style bayonet, has distinctive beehive makers mark of Samual Hoppe. Identity of this blade is taken form Janzen's Notebook

 

 

 

    
BEEHIVE mark (Samuel Hopp manufacturer) Crown over J could indicate Belgian issue rather than Korean     

Mexico

 

The Mexicans used the USA 1870 Naval yataghan bladed bayonet. Examples used by them are marked Republica de Mexico

see USA for more details

no illustration

 

 

 

Netherlands

1873

Beaumont, first version has short leaf spring but is otherwise essentially the same as the French 1866

no illustration

693

572

17

Netherlands

1873

Beaumont, modified first version, has a longer leaf spring in the grips, the original short leaf spring fixings point having been filled in with a brass plug. Most first pattern bayonets are found in this condition. Many will be found with a numbered brass tag wrapped around the quillion the purpose of which I am unsure at the moment. Mathieu Willemsen, curator Royal Netherlands Army and Arms museum, has suggested that these collars identify the ship to which the bayonet was issued, similar plates were added to other equipment, there is however no records to ID which ship the numbers refer to, many thanks for this

693

572

17.3

 
Brass plug fills the original location of the shorter springThe change in spring length is very obviousP Stevens Maastricht makers marksI am unsure as to the significance of the brass strip wrapped around the quillion

Netherlands

1873

Beaumont, second pattern, this has the long leaf spring from new

no illustration

693

572

17.3

Norway

1848

Officers war school, has a long muzzle ring, brass grips and a reversed curved quillion, scabbard is a leather scabbard. Large beaked pommel

no illustration

701

571

22

Norway

1859

Chamber loading rifle, has leather grips and brass pommel, straight cross guard, both ends of the cross guard have a round finial on them, scabbard is leather

no illustration

709

569

 

Norway

1860

Chamber loading rifle

no illustration

709

569

 

Norway

1867

for Remington rifle

Norway M1859.jpg (49078 bytes)

709

569

19

Norway

1876

for Krag Petersson rifle

no illustration

709

569

 

Norway

1862/66

Lunds carbine, essentially similar to the 60/67/76/59 models but with a shorter grips

no illustration

700

575

19

Poland

 

Used the French 1866

no illustration

 

 

 

Portugal

1860

Westley Richards rifle, black leather chequered grips, and brass pommel. It uses two screws to hold the grips, one holding the leaf spring. Straight cross guard

no illustration

708

577

19

Portugal

1886

Kropatschek one of the last Yataghan style bayonets made, the curve is not as pronounced as the earlier patterns. Steel scabbard. Can also be found with a large 17.5mm muzzle ring, this is not a conversion of the small muzzle ring model

Portugal Guedes.jpg (52672 bytes)

597

470

15.5

Portugal

1886

The Kropatschek can also be found shortened

no illustration

433

306

15.5

Portugal

 

Westley Richards rifle essentially similar to the UK 1856

no illustration

689

563

20.3

Spain

1866

Brass hilted bayonet with straight cross guard, forward swept finial on muzzle ring, reverse swept on other end of cross guard. Short external spring and rounded beaked pommel

no illustration

608

571

20

Spain

1871

Kings Guard bayonet, brass hilt with a straight cross guard

no illustration

830

705

19

Spain

1877

Krag Petersson bayonet, leather grips with two rivets one holding the external spring. Circular finials on each end of the straight cross guard

no illustration

722

590

17

Sweden

1867

Remington rifle bayonet, straight cross guard with forward facing finials on each end. Wood grips, beaked pommel with hole.

no illustration

 

 

18.3

Sweden

1894/14

Modified version of the 1867 for use on the Mauser carbine

no illustration

 

 

 

Switzerland

1864

Sharpshooters, leather grips with 4 rivets, long external spring. Large beaked pommel, cross guard has a swept back quillion and forward swept finial on muzzle ring

no illustration

654

532

20

Turkey

1874

Peabody, US made bayonet with leather grips held with 5 rivets, and external spring. Uses leather scabbard

no illustration

714

574

18

Turkey

1874

Peabody, US made bayonet with leather grips held with 5 rivets, and external spring. Uses Steel scabbard

no illustration

714

574

18

Turkey

1874

Peabody, modified to be a dress bayonet by replacing the grips with new wood ones, and removing the press stud

714

574

18

 
Markings under pommelMatt black finish on refurbished bladeLeaf spring left in place on new gripsPress stud removed 

Turkey

1874

Peabody shortened and straightened for unknown use.

turkish peabody straightened steel scabbard.jpg (82757 bytes)

 

250

 

turkish peabody straightened.jpg (82192 bytes)turkish peabody straightened steel scabbard.jpg (82757 bytes)   
With a shortened leather scabbard With one of several variations of shortened steel scabbard   

Turkey

1895

Winchester rifle, bayonet has the fish scale grips of the US civil war bayonets, with a heavy beaked pommel and an ornate open basket hilt

no illustration

628

508

17

UK

1853

Artillery carbine, uses an 1866 chassepot style brass hilt with a straight cross guard with a slightly swept back quillion and a forward swept finial on the muzzle ring, rivet to hold the blade is mid way on the hilt. Spring is held by a rivet

no illustration

660

538

19.3

UK

1853

Artillery Carbine, straight cross guard with forward swept finials, leaf spring is held by a rivet

no illustration

660

538

19.3

UK

1853

Artillery carbine, with leaf spring held by screw

no illustration

660

538

19.3

UK

1856

Enfield bayonet. Leather grips are held by three rivets and the external spring is riveted in place. sharp beaked pommel and straight cross guard with forward swept finial on each end.

UK P1856 Enfield.jpg (49426 bytes)

711

582

20

UK

1863

Whitworth, the same basic bayonet as the 56 Enfield but has a distinctive circular mortis slot

UK 1870 Whitworth.jpg (80048 bytes)

711

582

20.2

UK 1870 Whitworth pommel.jpg (39637 bytes)    
Circular mortis slot on Whitworth bayonet    

UK

1856/58

lug and short bar fitment

no illustration

711

582

20

UK

1856/58

bushed muzzle ring and filed mortise to fit Martini Henry rifle

no illustration

711

582

20

hilt comparison UK yataghans.jpg (111556 bytes)

Hilt comparisons of Three Sword bayonets

The top is an 1856 infantry with short spring and extended mortise slot.

The Middle is an 1856/58 with longer spring no mortis extension and the pommel modification for the Martini Henry Rifle 

The bottom is a Volunteer pattern blade with the 1856/58 short mortis slot

UK

1856/58

"bar on barrel" dished pommel slot

no illustration

711

582

20

UK

1858 Naval Sword Bayonet.

An increased muzzle ring over the 1856 infantry model was made, and the heavier barrel of the Naval rifle allowed the keeping to the bar on barrel mounting on the 1858 Naval bayonet. Mainly made by Reeves, German made examples can also be found. after 1958 the bayonet became known as the Marine Artillery Sword bayonet, with the introduction of the Cutlass bladed Naval Sword Bayonet.

no illustration   

UK

1860

1860 saw an improved rifle with a heavier barrel were introduced, to allow for this a slightly larger Muzzle ring had to be introduced on the bayonet (approx 0.5mm) in all other respects it is identical to the 1856/58. Scabbards were made 1" longer to allow for shrinkage in hot climates at this time.

no illustration   

UK

 

Very long Yataghan with double muzzle ring, hilt is similar to the 56

no illustration

949

812

20

UK

 

Various volunteer bayonets were made based on the 1856 style blade. These can be found with steel or brass pommels and cross guards. Bayonets are often unmarked or have German Solingen/WKC makers marks, and with heavier blades than the normal military issue blades

no illustration

714

581

20.8

UK_ENFIELD_P1856I58.jpg (85127 bytes)UK enfield volunteer hilt.jpg (97570 bytes)   
Unmarked volunteerBrass cross guard   

UK

 

Volunteers can also be found with shorter hilts

no illustration

690

570

20.6

UK

 

Many Enfield and Martini Henry bayonets were shortened and bushed for se with cadet rifles

no illustration

 

 

 

UK

1879

Artillery model with steel scabbard converted from 1859

UK Martini Henri Artilllary.jpg (57077 bytes)

711

582

20

 

1879 Artillery Bayonet - Sawback

Similar to the new build 1879 Artillery but with the addition of a 9.5" sawback on the spine of the blade. Scabbards with square tips (earl) and round tips were made

In 1892 a MkII model was introduced with a larger muzzle ring to fit the shorter carbine rifle. A MkIII version was made to fit a carbine with a smaller muzzle ring.

no illustration   
UK1879 Garrison

Simply the Artillery Yataghan modified to fit the Martini Henry rifle by modifying the MRD

In 1892 a MkII model was introduced with a larger muzzle ring to fit the shorter carbine rifle.. 

A MkIII version was made to fit a carbine with a smaller muzzle ring.

no illustration   

Uruguay

1895

A modification of the German Werder by the addition of a crude swept forward quillioned brass cross guard. Fits the Mauser rifle

no illustration

 

 

 

USA

1842

A sword socket bayonet for the e1842 US musket, has a distinctive hilt similar to a knuckle duster

no illustration

511

444

22

USA

1855

Bayonet for the M1841 (Mississippi) rifle. Has a brass hooped hilt. With opposed finials on straight cross guard, normally found with a pommel ring

no illustration

685

565

23.4

USA

1855

Bayonet for the M1841 (Mississippi) rifle. Both finials are forward facing, fullers disappear towards the point

no illustration

689

568

22.3

USA

1855

Bayonet for the M1855 rifle, heavy straight cross guard and brass hilt

no illustration

673

546

22.2

USA

1861

Sword bayonet for the P.S. Justice rifle M1861, heavy cross guard with round finial on cross guard and brass hilt

no illustration

648

527

22.2

USA

1861

Bayonet for the Navy M1861 Plymouth Whitneyville

no illustration

698

571.5

23.8

USA

1870

Remington rifle, grips are brass with a feather/scale pattern cast into them

no illustration

 

 

 

USA

1870

US Navy rifle, has feathered hilt, with the external spring fitted to an upper ridge on the back of the jilt, and a crossed canon symbol cast into the hilt

631

509

20

   
Fish scaled hilt with spring "above" the hiltCrossed canon pommel marks are only used on the 1870 bayonet   

USA

1873

Winchester rifle, ahs feathered grips like the 1870

no illustration

625.5

508

16.7

USA

1885

Bayonet for the Colt revolving rifle, has a swept back quillion

no illustration

702

578

19.8

Vatican

 

The Swiss Papal guards used the Remington Yataghan both in full length and in shortened form.

no illustration

 

 

 

Yugoslavia

1881

German made bayonet with slightly curved yataghan, uses an Austrian style hilt without the quillion.

no illustration

606

474.6

17.3

Unknowns

 

These are blades that i have not been able to Identify out of my collection, any help on these is gratefully wanted

    
1)unknown Remington Belgium marked.jpg (66335 bytes)unknown Remington Belgium mark.jpg (84624 bytes)Unknown Remington Belgium marked crossguard.jpg (52947 bytes)      
Remington based on 1866 Chassepot but totally unmarked bar BELGIUM on pommel. Fullers are not German or French patternBelgium mark on PommelLoose crossguard, not well made.       
2)Unknown 1867 Remington p&s marking.jpg (94919 bytes)         
Remington Yataghan of unknown origin1867 Remington bayonet with unknown markings P*S possibly P Stevens of Mastricht but there is no confirmation of this. Scabbard has French style frog hanger staple.       
3)France M1866     .jpg (49755 bytes)        
Remington, marked with Alex Coppel  balance on left side of blade and has a "C" in a circle on the right hand side. Has un chamfered hilt slot          
4)