Mosin-Nagant Socket Bayonets

Christopher from Radomsko


This side is dedication socket bayonets for Mosin – Nagant rifle except experimental.   Mosin – Nagant rifle was standard rifle of the Russian and Red Army and was also adopted and used by: Albania, Austria, Belgium, Bulgaria, China, Czechoslovakia, DDR, Egypt, Finland, Germany, Hungary, Iran, Korea, Montenegro, North Vietnam, Poland, Romania, Serbia, Spain, Turkey, USA, Yugoslavia. The rifle officially adopted for service by the Russian Tsar in 1891 as "Trechlineynaja vintovka obraztsa 1891 goda" and utilized ideas Russian Army captain S. I. Mosin and Belgian designer Nagant. The M. 1891 rifle was originally issued in three versions: Infantry rifle, Dragoon rifle and Cossack rifle. The Cossack rifle wasn’t equipped in bayonet. First rifles were produced in Chaterellaut Arms factory of France and full scale production began later at Izhevsk and Tula. During WWI Russia commission rifles production two American companies Remington and Westinghouse. From 1915 till 1917 Remington produced 840,310 M1891 rifles, of which 131,400 had arrived in Russia by January 1917. In the same period Westinghouse made 770,000 rifles; 225,260 were delivered to Russia by January 1917. In February 1917 revolution erupted in Russia and new Russian government defaulted on its contract with Remington and Westinghouse.  The U. S. kept 208,050 of the rifles it bought, some of which were issued to National Guard units, state militia, and similar entities; others were used by the Army, mostly for training purposes. In July 1918, the U. S. Army Ordnance Corps’ Engineering Division officially designated America’s new weapons the “Russian Three-line Rifle, Caliber 7.62 mm. (.3 inch)”, and had them marked with its “flaming bomb” insignia, an American eagle, and otherwise. USRR production of this rifle continued until the 1948 or so, when the machinery was sold to Poland.


Markings found on 1891


M. 1891


Standard Imperial Russian socket bayonet for MosinNagant rifle.  Soviet military doctrine called for the bayonet to remain fixed to the rifle at all times with the exception of traveling by motor vehicle or when in long term storage. There are scabbards for M. 1891 made by Russian before WWI with brown leather for the Infantry. The Dragoons had bayonet fastened to the scabbard of sword. Characteristic is cruciform blade and a point shaped as a flat screwdriver. It could be used to as a disassembly tool when removed from the gun. There is sometimes regiment’s mark stamped in the German type: company number, P, regiment number, C Π, weapon number.


M. 1891 with ring

Π in circle and ΠK


the screwdriver point

leather scabbard for M. 1891 made by Russian before WWI

a leather belt loop stitched to the leather scabbard

brass tip of the leather scabbard


M. 1891 for Dragoon’s rifle

More rare variant of socket bayonet with ring and slot Z. This bayonet is called experimental, or late production too.

M. 1891 variant, blued.


Π in circle, arrow, BU


the screwdriver point

comparison two versions M. 1891, more rare on top and popular on the bottom.



Ersatz bayonets from WWI


During WW I Russian made some Ersatz bayonets for MosinNagant rifle. They used blade from M. 1871 for Berdan rifle or made completely new construction.



no example


M. 1891 Austro – Hungary variants


During WW I Austro – Hungary for captured MosinNagant rifles made bayonets and changed Russian bayonet M. 1871. Characteristic feature of this bayonet is straight slot. A-H Army for captured Russian bayonets made steel scabbard with typical A-W stud. Most of the socket bayonets made by A-W were stamped E.A. IX or Austrian eagle or both. The bayonet for Berdan rifle got a reduction sleeve and had inside diameter of the socket 15mm.  The reduction sleeve cover Z slot and they made new straight slot on the right side.  


M. 1891 with straight slot made by A-W in metal scabbard and with frog.


A-H eagle up and faint E A IX down

scabbard stud

the scabbard ball tip


the scabbard without the ball tip

socket bayonet with straight slot without ring.

flat blade


flat blade and with Ersatz scabbard


Russian M. 1891 with flattened blade


M. 1891 German variant


During WWI Germany made Ersatz socket bayonet for captured Mosin-Nagant rifles and scabbards for captured Russian bayonets. Captured socket bayonets were stamped “Deutschland” or Prussian eagle and used mainly by Landwehry’s troops. On some bayonets is stamped a crown, it could be markings of Bavaria, Saxony or Serbia.




all-steel socket knife bayonet. Knurled outer casting 1 ¾” deep revolves around inner casting to become the locking ring.


steel scabbards with oval stud. 


M. 1891/24 Finish version


The Finish started rearms his Army in MosinNagant rifle when they regain independence.



Finish version with enlarged locking ring  by the addition of a 3mm cut out to accommodate the taller Finnish front sight used on the rifle M. 1891/24.

Finish markings


steel scabbard painted dark - green


leather scabbard with steel tip


M. 1891/30 with sight guard.


First version M. 1891/30 was designed by Panishin with the sight guard to fit on the early Mosin Nagant M.1891/30 rifles.  There were two versions with two-piece or one-piece basis. Usually these bayonets were blued. 


M. 1891/30 painted black with sight guard

#7213 and arrow in the triangle


Comparison of sighted and unsighted "hilts"

two-piece base

comparison two-piece base and one piece base


M. 1891/30


Second version is the most popular bayonet used by USSR Army during WWII.  In 1930 E. K. Kabakow and J. A. Komaricki join blade M. 1891 with new socket with press stud.


M. 1891/30

A in hexagon and 3 in hexagon

# ΓM 5458 and unknown maker


M. 1891/30 NCO’s Dragoon

This bayonet was used by NCO’s cavalry in USSR Army. This is short variant M. 1891/30 with different screw point.

M. 1891/30 for NCO’s cavalry


 arrow in the triangle, 8 and indefinite in the triangle

 the screwdriver point


comparison M. 1891/30 NCO’ cavalry up and M. 1891/30 down


M. 1891/30/42 Leningrad

This bayonet was produced during the siege of Leningrad. It has socket from M. 1891/30 and blade from M. 1936 Simonov (very rare), M. 1938 Tokarev (very rare), M. 1940 Tokarev (rare), blade looks like M. 1940 (rare) and German M. 1884/98 (very rare)

M. 1891/30/42 with blade from M. 1940 Tokarev (Piotr Szumlak collection)

M. 1891/30/42 with blade looks like from M. 1940 Tokarev

# 55893


M. 1944 folding bayonet, early version


This bayonet was made during WWII and is rare.


blued (Piotr Szumlak collection)


M. 1944 folding bayonet, late version


This bayonet was  made after WWII and is much more popular than early version.