Czechoslovak Bayonet markings

These markings can be found on pre WWII VZ24 bayonets in 3mm type. The marking indicates the unit and number of every blade and the same marking was put onto a steel disc on the rifle butt. Most of this information came off of the Web however the site is no longer available to reference, so I am reproducing most of the information here, translation is from the Czech and some it is a bit strange, I would appreciate if someone could provide the anglicised versions of the Czech names.

      Due to limitations of HTML I have not been able to use the correct Czech letters for Czech words.

A

Car BattalionsPUVArmoured regiment
ADArtillery Car departmentPVArmoured train
AZCar ArsenalPZAuxiliary medical company
BSBrigade Court and Military JusticeSPrague Castle Guard -Presidents honour guard
CBicycle BattalionsSPMachines battalion
CET SRBHeadquarters in BRNO - staff company
CETNGendarmerieSRBRHeadquarters in Bratislava - staff company
DArtillery BattalionSRMMinistry of National Defence - staff company
DOVRegional Reserve HeadquartersSRPLand Mil HQ Prague - staff company
DPLPAnti-Aircraft ArtillerySRULand mil HQ Uzhorod - staff company
DPSDivision equipment stocksTTelegraph battalion
DSHTraining camp at HumenneTDB 
DSjTraining camp at Jince-CenkovTSHeavy artillery brigades headquarter
DSPTraining camp at Placecke PodhradieUACar educational establishment
DSVTraining camp at VyskovUDArtillery educational establishment
DZDivision armouryUJCavalry education establishment
FSFinancial GuardULAir Force education establishment
GMilitary high school in Moravska TrebovaUPInfantry education establishment
HMountain infantry regimentUTTelegraph education establishment
HBMountain brigades headquarterUUVArmoured forces education establishment
HDBHeavy Artillery brigades headquartersUVArmoured forces
HLDCentral aviation worksUZ Engineers (Pioneers) education establishment
HLSCentral aviation stockUZNEngineers (Pioneers) education establishment
HNFrontier battalionVHorses battalion
HTSCentral Telegraph stockVAMilitary Academy
HVSCentral stock of towing horse unitsVAMMilitary Archive and museum
HZLSCentral military railway stockVHMilitary Stallions Stables
HZNSCentral Engineering (pioneer) stockVCHUMilitary chemical institute
HZSCentral armoury stockVMTMilitary ammo fabric
IPInstructors schoolVPRiver battalion
ISHigh school for rear line officersVPBMilitary police Bratislava
JCavalry regiment - pre 1936 DragoonVSMilitary war school
JBCavalry Brigade HeadquarterVTMilitary penitentiary 
LAir force regimentVTLUMilitary technical and aviation institute
LDBLight artillery brigade headquarterVVMilitary prison
MArtillery measuring reserve companyVZSMilitary medical stock
MTAmmo FabricVZUMilitary geographical institute
NGNational GuardZMilitary storehouse
OSDress stockZLRailway regiment
PInfantry regimentZLSLand's Air force stock
PBInfantry brigades headquarterZNEngineer (pioneer) regiment
PDInfantry Division headquarterZUMilitary geographical institute
PDBField artillery brigades headquartersZZLands armoury

 

I have only seen one bayonet with these marks and it is marked HB (supposedly a very rare mark) on the pommel, and has been re issued to the Slovaks. However examination of early blades shows polishing that may have removed the markings from the butt of the pommel. It is hard to believe that many of these units would have had large numbers of blades, the idea of armed museum guards for instance is one that is hard to envision.

 

ACCEPTANCE MARKS LIST

 

Pre 1936 weapons for the Czech army were accepted by the military Technical Institute (VTU), it was then renamed to the Military Technical & Aviation Institute. Bayonets are marked on the Scabbard frog stud and the tang of the blade, I also have a 1927 dated blade with the marking on the ricasso. Note that scabbards are often swapped around and may not match the marking on the bayonet, the large number of E3/38 marked scabbards may indicate that the BRNO plant made scabbards for other makers as well (?) 

 

1922                    A lion in a circle or square

1923                    E then a lion in a circle

1924-1936           E then lion (not in circle) then the last two digits of the date

1937 -                  E# then lion then the last two digits of the date

1945 - 1950         E# then crossed swords then last two digits of date

The # symbol was a number that identified the VTLU that accepted the weapon

 

E1Plzen
E2Adamov
E3BRNO
E4Povazska Bystrica
E5Viasim
E6Semtin
E7Strakonice
E8Praha
E95BRNO - post war blades

 

<--Acceptance mark used from 1918 to 1922

No Example

<--Acceptance mark from 1922 Weapon or 3rd Artillery regiment

Acceptance mark for Bratislava on Austrian 1895-->

<--Acceptance mark from 1922, 8 represents a regiment in Opava

Acceptance mark 1922 on Austrian 1895, accepted with lion in square Banska Bysrtrica-->

<-- Acceptance mark 1923

Accepted 1923 -->

<--1924 to 1939  weapons mark

Lion Marking -->

<--Acceptance mark from 1938, E = acceptance, 7=VTLU at Strakonice, and 38 = 1938

BRNO accepted 1938, Gendarmerie marked VZ33-->

<--Slovak army mark for 1939 to 1945

Plzen accepted Slovak Army -->

<--Post war Marking

BRNO accepted in 1950 -->

 Pommel marks for Frontier Battalion (HN)

Acceptance marks on foreign bayonets used by the Czech army

The early blades used by the Czech army were Austro Hungarian bayonets (i.e.1895 pattern ) which had their original acceptance marks ground off and Czech ones stamped in their place. This was most frequently a rampant lion with a S leading and a a trailing number representing the division that accepted the weapon. It was sometimes combined with a number representing the date.

DIVISION CODE

S1Praha
S2Plzen
S3Litomefice
S4Hradec Kralove
S5Ceske Budejovice
S6BRNO
S7Olomouc
S8Opava
S9Bratislava
S10Bansks Bystrica
S11Kosice
S12Uzhorod

Circle Z stamps indicate production at BRNO, and double circle Z indicates Bystrica manufacture