AUSTRIAN 1895 Bayonets and Variations.

 

On this page I have outlined the various Austrian 1895 Mannlicher pattern bayonets available to the collector and have used my own collection and photographs from other collectors to illustrate the variations. The information below has been gleaned from books and discussions held various forums on the internet

The 1895 Mannlicher was the largest used bayonet in WWI and was used both before and after the war by countries of the Austro Hungarian empire and the post WWI Eastern European countries. The main distinguishing feature of the bayonet was its edge up design, which place the sharp edge of the blade on the top of the mounted blade, as opposed to the more normal underside, and the two raised rivets on the cross guard which held this to the blade tang.

There are several types of 1895 available

Conversion - Many 1895's were made using the blade from the 1888 fitted to the 1895 hilt, it is thought that this may be a WWI conversion to increase production of blades for the 1895

Normal (Std)- No quillion

Normal (NCO)  - Quillion and a hole in the pommel to take a pommel ring, these made be found with the quillion removed.

Cavalry/Carbine (Cav)  - Added Sight on the top of the muzzle ring, These can be found with both fixed and adjustable sights

Cavalry/Carbine (NCO) - Added sight, plus quillion and pommel ring

Dress - No pommel slot or Vestigial only

The most commonly found examples will be marked OE over WG, or FGGY, the former are made in Austria the latter in Hungary, which pre WWI were combined to form the Austro Hungarian empire. There are however several other makers and markings that can be found:-

Scabbards often carried the same makers mark as the bayonet however you will often find scabbards marked V&N - Vogel & Noot of Wartberg - a contract maker for scabbards only

Fabricants

 

Std

Cav

Std-D

S/O-D

S/O-D-C1

S/O-D-C2

* OE-WG

 

D + F

D + F

 

D + F

 

 

* OE-WG      

 

D + F

D + F

D + F

D + F

D + F

D + F

* L.ZEITLER  WIEN VIII

* Swords / Hammers

Zeitler -  Zeitler  got a contract for M95 bayos, many were NCO or dress only , walking out versions, the logo were Crossed hammers  or crossed hammers and sabres, or Zeitler Wien VIII, or full address. Many thanks to Andy for supplying this information

D

G

D

G

 

D

G

 

 

* L. ZEITLER (in cercle)

* Swords / Hammers

D

G

 

 

 

 

 

* OMC Ferlach

OMC

D + F 

 

 

 

 

* FG-GY

 

G + F

G + F

 

G + F

G + F

 

* ZP cercled  (Zbrojovka Praga)

Ying and Yang mark is actually the mark for (ZP in circle for) Zbrojovka Praga - located to Prague,Vrsovice, they reworked blades in the period 1920 to 21 using bayonets from other companies, Czech maker

D + F

 

 

 

 

 

* ZP cercled   

* OE-WG

G

D + F

 

 

 

 

 

* CSZ (higher case)

 

G + F

G + F

 

 

 

 

* CSZ (lower case)

 

G + F

G + F

 

 

 

 

* Ernst BUSCH (16)

Ernst Busch - Made during WWI for German troops these blades typically have a W over 17 spine marking, although production supposedly carried on into 1918. These blades often lead an interesting life being reworked post war and supplied to Greece  for their use. These blades will typically have a serial number applied to them. Unaltered German ones are scarce.

G

G

 

 

 

 

* Ernst BUSCH (17)

G

G

 

G

 

 

* Ernst BUSCH (18)

G

G

 

 

 

 

* SIMSON Co.

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

* WWF (Wiener Waffen Fabrik)   

 

D + F

D + F

 

 

 

 

* HWF  (Heeres Waffen Fabrik)

HWF - Uprights of the H and F form the outer legs of the W, this is possibly "Wiener Heeres fabrik"

D

 

 

 

 

 

* MO (Moravske Ocelarny) 

MO -  Moravske Ocelarny - Moravian Steelworks

D + F

 

 

 

 

 

* MO (Moravske Ocelarny) 

D / G

 

 

 

 

 

* Stf. (square*, triangle ! …)

stf -  the early Steyr marking

G + F

G chr

G + F

G + F  

G + F

 

* Stf.          + Ü (cercled) on pommel

 

G + F

G + F

G + F

 

 

 

* OE-WG  + Ü (cercled) on pommel

 

 

 

 

D + F

 

 

* OE-WG / S lion 1 / Lion 

 

 

 

 

D + F

 

 

* FG-GY   Bp * 16 / Bp * 17

 

G + F

 

 

 

 

 

* FG-GY 

* K (cercled) A (cercled)

 

G + F

D 

G + F

D

 

 

 

 

* CSZ + S Lion (on blade) .

CSZ Czechoslovak manufactured

G

*

 

 

 

 

* Lion 5 22 (on pommel)

 

G

 

 

 

 

 

* S/Lion + digits (on pommel)

* CSZ (blade)

 

G

D

 

 

 

 

 

* B.F.M (endroit) Berndorfer Maschinen Fab

BFM - seen on Czech marked 1895's - Maker identified as the Austrian firm Berndorfer Maschinen Fabrik by Andy of the BCN

G + F

 

 

G

G

 

* B.F.M. (reversed)                    ‘’

G + F

G

 

 

 

 

* B.F.M. (right side)               ‘’

 

 

 

 

 

 

* B.F.M. (left side)           ‘’

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Ars-Arm (1)

One of the earliest makers of the blade, there are two variations to their mark, one normal upright characters the other is in an Italic script. The Upright script are the earlier made and are of much poorer quality than the italicised or OEWG made ones

D

 

 

 

 

 

* Ars-Arm (2)

D

 

 

 

 

 

* AT3  (VTZ) in a triangle

 

G

 

 

 

 

 

* AB  (August BICKEL)

AB

G + F

 

 

 

 

 

* AB  (August BICKEL)

* double crest

 

 

 

 

 

 

*circled aCircled A Unknown mark found on FGGY made examplesG   G 

* AE  

 

F

 

 

 

 

 

* BB

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* FHL

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

* Kr

* Zb

ZB - Polish made

G

D

 

 

 

 

 

* Zb/Kr

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

* GASSER à VIENNE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* No markings

Unmarked - examples can be found without any makers marks at all

X + F

X

X + F

 

 

 

* ČRS

CRS - found on Czech examples, may be a property rather than a makers mark, although it could be early blades made what became the CRZ factory.

 

 

 

 

 

 

* ČET

* OE-WG

CET - Czech police mark

G + F

D

G + F

D 

 

 

 

 

* ČET

* MO

 

D + F

D

 

 

 

 

 

 GET - property of Cetnictvo - Gendarmery of CSR (Identified by Andy of BCN)      

* No markings

* stamped with an eagle

 

D + F

G

 

 

 

 

 

* W

W - A capital outlined W marking, unknown maker, made both normal and NCO models, there is also a small capital W marking found on the reverse ricasso to OEWG which I assume is the same company reworking blades, as my example is on a chrome plated NCO model

      

* 5SCH K24

 

D

 

 

 

 

 

Germany WWII

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* no markings

* WaA on pommel

 

G + F

D

 

 

 

 

 

BULGARIE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* CA 15(

: C (София/Sofia) and A (Арсенал/Arsenal).‘Arsenal’ is an armaments factory situated in Kazanlak, Bulgaria. It is the oldest factory in Bulgarian defensive industry and the biggest in the machinery construction sector. Arsenal is established under the name of ‘Ruse Artillery Arsenal’ in Ruse in 1878 after the withdrawal of  Russian troops at the end of the Russo-Turkish War. It is based on the machines, equipment, technology, spare parts and experience of the Russian workshops which attended the army. Later on, after the Unification of Bulgaria ‘Arsenal’ is moved in Sofia and its name is changed to ‘Sofia Artillery Arsenal’. After the end of WWI the factory is moved in 1924 in Kazanlak under the name of ‘State Military Factory’. Kazanlak is situated between two mountains in a central part of Bulgaria which makes its location strategically better. Afterwards the factory receives different names and has born the name of ‘Arsenal’ since 1988.

D + F

 

 

 

 

 

* A&KMannlicher bayonet  produced only by A&K (Avramov & Kovatchev)- a Bulgarian knife factory which produced bayonets in WWI under the order of Bulgarian War Ministry. After starting accomplishing the order one of the factory owners was mobilized in the war and on the first day he got killed. The other owner deemed his death as a punishment and stopped producing bayonets      

TURQUIE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* Modified (MR & handle)

 

D + F

 

 

 

 

 

GRECE

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

* OE-WG (greek MR)

* G            (small St-Georges)

 

D + F

G

 

 

 

 

 

* OE-WG (greek MR)

* G            (large St-Georges)

 

D + F

G

 

 

 

 

 

* OE-WG (Marine)

* G

 

D + F

G

 

 

 

 

 

* OE-WG (austrian MR)

* G

 

D + F

G

 

 

 

 

 

In blue                        : oval blood groove,

In red                        : rectangular blood groove.

 

D                     = Right

G                     = Left

F                      = Scabbard

 

Std                  = Standard model

Cav                 = Cavalry

Cav-D             = Cavalry with pommel ring

S/0-D               = Petty Officer with pommel ring

S/0-D-C1        = Petty Officer with pommel ring, with blade shape MR sight

S/0-D-C2        = Petty Officer with pommel ring, with pin shape MR sight.

Many thanks to Gerard Adam for allowing me to use the data he compiled on markings. I will try to link the marks to examples.

 

 

AUSTRIA

AE marked 1895 scabbard

M1895 unmarked as an export piece

 

40 mark on crossguard is the only marking on the blade

CZECH ARMS ARM full.jpg (76255 bytes)CZECH ARMS ARM markings.jpg (35095 bytes)

ARS ARM made, very rough quality compared to later Italicised ARS ARM made versions and later OEWG  made models

 

Early straight pattern ARS ARM markings

Austrian 1895 ars arm marking.jpg (108685 bytes)

1895 ARS ARM made (italicised marking)

 

Italicised ARS ARM markings 1895 which are a later model than the straight markings version above, these have a better finish than the earlier version.

1895 converted for German use by removing the muzzle ring

 

Manufacturing marking stf is thought to be Steyr

 

 

Scabbard has OEWG markings

Austria Irish MAnnlicher.jpg (54182 bytes)

1895 Mannlicher OEWG made

STF made 1895

Variation in STF mark with extra square stamp

Hungarian M1933.jpg (53940 bytes)

M1895 made in Hungary

 

FGGY markings on Hungarian made 1895

1895 With Zeitler markings

 

 

1895  Zeitler  Vien VIII ricasso marking

 

1895 crossed swords and Hammers are also Zeitler markings

 

 

Scabbard has MO makers mark

 

Grips have counter sunk rivet grips

Private made 1895, with private purchase frog. maker uses crossed swords logo. Blade is nickel plated

 

Crossed swords maker mark on Ricasso

Dress 1895 no markings on blade

 

Has dummy press stud, there is no locking mechanism in the pommel

 

 

 

 

Press stud is brazed on

1895 by unknown maker

 

 

Acceptance mark

 

Unknown W makers mark - actually a composite Monogram including a P on the left side and a F on the right side of the W  "Wiener Neustädter Patronen Fabrik" thanks to Melk in Austria

1895 by HWF  maker  in original frog

 

Distinctive makers mark

 

 

Austrian Eagle stamp on ricasso

 

Frog stud shows similar mark

1895 with modified hilt. The pommel ahs been inverted as have the grips. the slot and all attachments locks etc. have been welded up, it would appear that the grips were fixed before some of the welding/grinding took place, and it is not possible to determine at what time the modifications were made]

Dress 1895 no markings on blade

 

Has dummy press stud, there is no locking mechanism in the pommel

 

 

 

 

Press stud is brazed on

1895 made by Ferlach, stamp is a joined O, M and C

1895 with Circle A ricasso mark

czech with wire cutter.3.jpg (113275 bytes)

1895 fitted with wire cutter on scabbard possibly Portuguese

 

Cutters bayonet and scabbard

 

Dress NCO
 
Total length = mm                 Blade length = mm             Blade width =  mm             MRD =  mm                           
Dress 1895 unmarked and chromed with Austria trodell. Pommel has no mounts for attachment to a rifle

 

BULGARIA

Mannlicher bayonet  produced only by A&K (Avramov & Kovatchev)- a Bulgarian knife factory which produced bayonets in WWI under the order of Bulgarian War Ministry. After starting accomplishing the order one of the factory owners was mobilized in the war and on the first day he got killed. The other owner deemed his death as a punishment and stopped producing bayonets. Very rare item

 with thanks to Nedko Nedev for this identification, information and picture

Bulgarian rework by the Sophia arsenal in 1915

The initials mean: C (София/Sofia) and A (Арсенал/Arsenal).‘Arsenal’ is an armaments factory situated in Kazanlak, Bulgaria. It is the oldest factory in Bulgarian defensive industry and the biggest in the machinery construction sector. Arsenal is established under the name of ‘Ruse Artillery Arsenal’ in Ruse in 1878 after the withdrawal of  Russian troops at the end of the Russo-Turkish War. It is based on the machines, equipment, technology, spare parts and experience of the Russian workshops which attended the army. Later on, after the Unification of Bulgaria ‘Arsenal’ is moved in Sofia and its name is changed to ‘Sofia Artillery Arsenal’. After the end of WWI the factory moved in 1924 to Kazanlak under the name of ‘State Military Factory’. Kazanlak it is situated between two mountains in a central part of Bulgaria which makes its location strategically better. Afterwards the factory received different names and has borne the name of ‘Arsenal’ since 1988.

 with thanks to Nedko Nedev and Gerard Adams for this identification and information

1895 with Crowned F badge fixed to grips

 

Crossed swords maker mark, is just visible on the ricasso

 

 

Vestigial slot in pommel would make it impossible to mount on rifle

 

Close up of the hilt badge fixed to the hilt

so called ‘Klementinets’, which is a ceremonial bayonet worn by military men in 9th Plovdiv Infantry Regiment of Her Highness princess Klementina from Bulgaria.

 with thanks to Nedko Nedev for this identification

Klementinets’, which is a ceremonial bayonet worn by military men in 9th Plovdiv Infantry Regiment of Her Highness princess Klementina from Bulgaria. This is the more normal version with a brass pommel and crossguard

 with thanks to Nedko Nedev

 Austrian 1895, the leather covered scabbard is reputedly Bulgarian, The Frog is a rare German WWI frog for the Austrian 1895. Note bone grips rather than the normal wood ones

bulgaria 1895 cavalry.jpg (74792 bytes)

1895 cavalry 

 

1895 made by Hungary

 

Rumanian mark

Bulgarian 1895 NCO.jpg (93617 bytes)Bulgaria 1895 NCO ricasso stamp.jpg (96632 bytes)

1895 Mannlicher NCO

 

Ricasso stamp on 1895, showing both Austro Hungarian and Bulgarian stamps (l-r)

 

CZECHOSLOVAKIA

CET Marked 1895

courtesy Gerard Adam

"Austrian" 1895 made by CSZ

 

Scabbard is an MO made one

 

CSZ ricasso marking, this is the makers mark and not the Czech acceptance marking

 

 

Is this mark the legs of the Czech Lion?

BFM marked 1895

 

BFM mark and S lion 1 acceptance mark

 

 

Not sure if this is the remains of a mark or random pitting

 

GET property of Cetnictvo - Gendarmery of CSR very low weapon number  (identified by Andy of BCN)

Austrian 1895 made by MO and used by Czechoslovakia

 

MO makers mark on right ricasso

 

 

S lion 9 mark on left Ricasso, indicates Czech usage and acceptance at Bratislava

1895 with OEWG and Yin and Yang  ricasso mark

 

Yin and Yang ricasso marking

 

 

Austrian OEWG marks on opposite ricasso

 

Czech acceptance marks on pommel

czech austrian 1895.jpg (81895 bytes)

Austrian 1895 with Czech markings

Austrian 1895 made by CSZ

 

Scabbard is an MO made one

 

CSZ ricasso marking, this is the makers mark and not the Czech acceptance marking

 

 

Is this mark the legs of the Czech Lion?

 

Frog is Czech marked B lion M

 

 

I am assuming this is a unit marking, any details appreciated

Austrian 1895 NCO model  Issued to Czech unit, quillion has been removed

 

Pommel Marking shows 3 Cavalry issue (3J) pre 1936

 

 

Original Austrian makers mark

 

Added Czech  marking on opposite ricasso of S Lion 8 for an Oppava based infantry unit

 
Total length = mm                 Blade length = mm             Blade width =  mm             MRD =  mm                           
Carbine NCO dress chrome plated
 
Total length = mm                 Blade length = mm             Blade width =  mm             MRD =  mm                           
 CET marked 1895. Yin and Yang marked scabbard
 
Total length = mm                 Blade length = mm             Blade width =  mm             MRD =  mm                           
 Czech marked bayonet made by MO, marked on both riccasso's and on scabbard

 

GERMANY

Ernst Busch made 1895 1917 dated on spine

 

Busch makers marks

An Austrian 1895 accepted in German service with the WaA on the pommel, the style of stamp would indicate that this is pre WWII

1895 with removed muzzle ring, manufacturer AB. The removed ring probably indicates its use in WWII by Germany, as they typically removed muzzle rings from their bayonets

 

AB ricasso mark

 

GREECE

Greek 1895 Mannlicher.jpg (72909 bytes)Greek 1895 Mannlicher St George.jpg (94673 bytes)Austrian made 1895 Mannlicher

 

St George and Dragon Greek stamp on pommel

Navy 1895, identical to the Austrian 1895 but with the Anchor mark on the pommel. Grips are not thought to be original but show some age from the riveting etc. they are not of the best workmanship

 

HUNGARY

1895 with Circle A ricasso mark

This circled A marking has been noted on at least two 1895's and both have been FGGY manufactured examples, it is not know if these are acceptance marks, or reworking marks but this example came out of Eastern Europe and the Argentinean link has been discounted

courtesy of Andrej Blazicek

A Hungarian made and issued 1895 with bone grips, the cross guard mark is as yet not deciphered

 

the B crest 16 mark means acceptance into the Honved army of Hungary in 1916, the Bp stands for Budapest, the crest is the Hungarian one - Many thanks to Andy yet again

Hungary 1895 cavalry.jpg (88170 bytes)Hungary 1895 cavalry markings.jpg (95761 bytes)

1895 Cavalry

 

Markings and muzzle ring site

 

Adjustable sight on top of muzzle ring

 

ITALY

Dress 1895 NCO

 

Hilt has VE under an Italian crown brass insert. (Vittorio Emanuel III, the Italian King during the WW1). Probably a captured piece from long running Austrian Italian campaigns (Italy was allied against Austria and Germany in WWI)

OEWG made

 

thanks to Marco for identification

 

 

POLAND

 Polish made 1895 ZB is first Polish bayonet manufacturer

courtesy of Gerard Adam, and Adam Lubas

 

RUMANIA

1895 Cavalry made by OEWG with a VN made scabbard

Romanian 1895 scabbard markings.jpg (62875 bytes)

Austrian 1895

 

Scabbard marks on Austrian 1895 pattern bayonet

 

 

GREECE

 

Greek 1895 Mannlicher.jpg (72909 bytes)Greek 1895 Mannlicher St George.jpg (94673 bytes)

Austrian made 1895 Mannlicher

 

St George and Dragon Greek stamp on pommel